Historical development of web design

Few things can be understood by the term web design. It clearly isn’t a narrow term; actually, it covers many aspects of working with websites. Most often we understand web design as the activity of creating websites and the process of their maintenance. Web design usually includes the graphic design of a webpage, the design of the interface and the important process of SEO (search engine optimisation). The standardised code and the proprietary software can also be part of the web design. Web design can be handled by an individual or a group of people it depends on the type of the web design and the preferences of the designers. Sometimes the areas of web design and web development overlap. In fact, it is not overlapping as much as it is coinciding, since often the same experts are skilled both in web design and web development and they offer both of the services. Web design is not a one-time service offered to customers by a company or an individual, it is more of a process and the designer is supposed to be up-to-date with the newest developments in the area and implement them in the web design.

The beginnings

Historically speaking, web design is a very recent invention, but its origin as a technique can be traced to the graphic design. Although, many consider web design to be quite different from the graphic design, since it is necessarily connected with computers and information technology, unlike graphic design which has to do more with visual arts. Be as it may, the web design was developed in the 1990s. The first websites, developed in the beginning of the 90s were very simple and virtually had no design. The Mosaic browser was the first to combine images, sounds and text into one integrated piece and that’s how the web design was born. The creation of the W3C was another step in the development of the websites and their design.

The first browser war

A very interesting period in the history of the World Wide Web and its design was the period from 1996 to 1999. This period is popularly called the period of the browser wars. It was mainly a battle for browser domination between Netscape and Microsoft. Many of the technologies that are still in use today were developed in that period, such as the JavaScript and the Dynamic HTML (What is SEO) The competition was a good thing in this period, despite its semi-militaristic nature, because it led to the development of many technologies and advances in the field of web design. In 1996 the first attempts of creating semantically coded HTML were made. Many designers recognised the possibilities of adding different structural elements to the designs. The HTMLs were getting more and more complicated.

The end of the first browser war

Finally the first browser war ended in the beginning of 1999. This was a result of the Netscape’s introduction of the Communicator code under open source license, which allowed many developers to take part in the process of improvement the software. In 2000 the Internet Explorer became available as a browser on Mac computers.

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